This agreement aims to create an environment conducive to such a partnership and to build mutual trust. It is not about creating positions that reward individuals. It must allow Kenyan political leaders to look beyond partisan considerations in order to promote the broader interests of the nation as a whole. It provides the means to implement a coherent and far-reaching reform agenda, address the root causes of recurrent conflicts and create a better, safer and more prosperous Kenya for all. At the signing, Mr. Annan stressed the importance of a coherent position behind the agreement. He stressed that the two sides had made compromises for kenya`s survival and the security of its people. This series highlights the governance challenges associated with power-sharing agreements, presents adaptations that have mitigated these challenges, and proposes ideas for adjustments. This week, the talks almost completely failed. Negotiators were blocked over whether they shared responsibility or share power, and the government refused to give Odinga essential authority or amend the constitution to create the prime minister`s position that did not exist in the Kenyan system. Annan then decided to bypass the negotiating teams and go directly to Odinga and Kibaki. He met with them behind closed doors for six hours on Thursday. But the bilateral agreement, reached after strong international pressure and the mediation of Kofi Annan, former Secretary General of the United Nations, seemed to serve as a treaty to remove Kenya from the abyss.
The two leaders urged their supporters, who have fought brutally across the country in recent weeks, to respect it. NAIROBI (Reuters) – Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki and opposition leader Raila Odinga signed a power-sharing agreement on Thursday aimed at ending a post-election crisis that has left more than 1,000 people dead. At 4:30 p.m.m local time, Annan, Kibaki and Odinga appeared. The two Kenyan leaders signed the agreement, with Annan standing behind them, shaking hands, while a large number of diplomats, cabinet ministers and political supporters applauded. The country appeared to reject a collective horn when Mwai Kibaki, the president, and Raila Odinga, the chief opposition leader, sat at a desk outside the president`s office, with a bank of television cameras rolling and signing an agreement that created a powerful prime minister`s position for Odinga and divided ministerial posts between the government and the opposition. NAIROBI – Kenyan politicians on Thursday ended a two-month stalemate that plunged the country into violence and reached a long-awaited power-sharing agreement between the government and the opposition. NEW YORK, United States, 29 February 2008 – Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki and opposition leader Raila Odiniga yesterday signed a power-sharing agreement to restore peace in a country engulfed in violence since the controversial presidential elections in December. After Kenya`s controversial 2007 presidential elections, fighting broke out between supporters of incumbent President Mwai Kibaki and opposition leader Raila Odinga. Triggered by the announcement that Kibaki`s presidency would remain, the violence eventually killed more than 1,200 people and ousted 350,000. A power-sharing agreement between the two leaders in February 2008 helped restore order, but finding a way to govern together in a single new cabinet was a huge challenge.
Under the terms negotiated, the country would have both a president and a prime minister until parliament was dissolved, a formal withdrawal of one of the two sides of the agreement or the adoption of a referendum on a new constitution.