They feared that the backstop would be used to permanently lure the UK into the EU customs union and prevent the country from concluding its own trade deals. At present, due to significant differences between the DUP and Sinn Féin, there is no executive from Northern Ireland that works. Even if there was an operational executive at the time the protocol came into force, it is not certain that they or the Assembly speak with one voice and that a common decision is taken. And even if they did, it is not clear how much weight the UK or the EU could give to such a decision. What is the big picture behind the Brexit backstop drama? And if the two sides could not agree on an agreement that would keep the border as open as it is today, that`s where the backstop would come in. The “Irish Backstop” is practically an insurance policy in the Brexit negotiations between Britain and the EU. It aims to keep the Irish border open (as it is today), regardless of the outcome of negotiations between the UK and the EU on their future post-Brexit relations. Mr. Johnson then laid out his only non-negotiable red line: drop the backstop, and we will go with an agreement on October 31. The UK has launched the formal process of withdrawal negotiations by formally announcing the European Council`s intention to leave the EU. The “Irish backstop” would come at the end of the transition period if the UK and the EU had not negotiated a future trade agreement that would have kept the Irish border as open as it is today. This article is now obsolete as it refers to the Irish backstop as stipulated in Theresa May`s withdrawal agreement in November 2018.
It reflects the situation until August 2019. The backstop is part of the draft withdrawal agreement negotiated between Theresa May`s government and the EU. Brexit: Michel Barnier challenges Theresa May`s `backstop plan` Which triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, which sets out the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU member state, thus launching a two-year countdown to withdrawal. On 17 October 2019, it was announced that UK and EU negotiators had reached a “new” or “revised” agreement on the Irish border, which put an end to The Irish backstop proposal. You can read the new rules for Northern Ireland here. Talks resumed in the following days, so a joint report was published on 8 December to report on the commitments that must be taken into account in the withdrawal agreement. The UK and EU negotiating teams have declared their preference to avoid a “hard border” and have proposed a draft withdrawal agreement that included a backstop: once an agreement has finally been reached, the backstop remained the main obstacle to Brexit, with MPs regularly voting the deal in the House of Commons. After the vote, Michel Barnier said that the “backstop” was “part and package” of the UK`s Brexit withdrawal agreement and that it would not be renegotiated.  He seems ready to avoid the “backstop” by other means, either by trying to renegotiate the agreement with the EU or by leaving the EU without a deal. Prime Minister Boris Johnson says he is determined to “get rid” of the backstop, calling it “anti-democratic.” New Prime Minister Boris Johnson last week declared both the backstop agreement and the withdrawal agreement “dead.” This week, the government postponed a vote in the House of Commons on the withdrawal agreement and the framework for the UK`s future relationship with the EU. One of the most important issues on which MEPs cannot agree is the backstop.
The Prime Minister hopes to get further assurances from the EU on this issue to improve the chances of MEPs approving their `deal`. Here we look at what the backstop is, if it is probably used and whether the UK can get out of it. If the two parties do not agree before the end of the extended transition period, the backstop will take effect.